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Pauli three times to earn promotion, the first two contests having ended 1—1 while Stuttgart won the third 3—1. FC Schweinfurt 05 in last place became one of the worst clubs in the league history when it only won two games all season.
In the —92 season, the league was expanded to 24 teams in two regional divisions, north and south, to accommodate six new East German clubs which joined the league that season.
The East German clubs were spread very uneven, with one going to the north and five to the south, caused by the geographic location of those clubs.
Only the league champions were promoted to the Bundesliga that year, which were Bayer Uerdingen in the north and 1. FC Saarbrücken in the south.
The bottom three in each division were relegated, three of which were from former East Germany. Bundesliga after their licence was revoked in At the end of this season the league returned to the single division format, but with still 24 clubs as its strength.
The —93 season was a momentous one, with 24 teams competing in a single league and each club playing 46 games. Three clubs were promoted directly, as would be the case from then on until , with the play-offs having been abolished.
SC Freiburg won the league and promotion for the first time. Seven clubs were relegated from the league to reduce its strength to 20 clubs again from the following season.
Promoted were VfL Bochum, Bayer Uerdingen and Munich, which had just won promotion from the third division the year before and returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since At the bottom end, five clubs were relegated, four of those former Bundesliga sides and the fifth one, Carl Zeiss Jena , from former East Germany.
The league level below the 2. Bundesliga was changed profoundly in with the Oberligas replaced by the new Regionalligas, which allowed for direct promotion to the 2.
Bundesliga for the first time since The league itself was now reduced to 18 clubs with no play-offs, three promoted and four relegated teams, a system it would maintain until , when the play-offs were re-introduced.
Hansa Rostock won the 2. Bundesliga for the first time in and FC St. Pauli and Fortuna Düsseldorf followed it up to the Bundesliga.
FC Saarbrücken accompanied it. The later, despite finishing seventh, had its licence revoked, thereby sparing FSV Zwickau from relegation.
The —96 season saw VfL Bochum win the league again with second placed Arminia Bielefeld winning promotion straight after having been promoted from the Regionalliga the year before.
FC Kaiserslautern and Eintracht Frankfurt had suffered their first-ever relegation from the Bundesliga in The former won the league and bounced back immediately while Frankfurt remained at this level for another season.
Kaiserslautern would also become the first and only club to win the Bundesliga as a freshly promoted side the following year. FC Nürnberg, freshly returned from the Regionalliga, came third.
At the bottom end VfB Leipzig was one of three clubs from the east to be relegated, alongside SV Meppen , which dropped out of the league after eleven consecutive seasons there.
The —99 season saw the 1. FC Köln in the league for the first time, having been relegated from the Bundesliga after 35 consecutive seasons there from the start of the league in Köln only managed to come tenth, while the league was won by Arminia Bielefeld.
In —01, the league was won by 1. FC Nürnberg once again, with Borussia Mönchengladbach earning promotion back to the Bundesliga after a two-year absence.
Pauli was the third promoted team. SSV Ulm , freshly relegated from the Bundesliga, finished the season in 16th place and became insolvent.
FC Nürnberg and Arminia Bielefeld earned another one of their many promotions while third placed 1. FSV Mainz 05 was a newcomer to the Bundesliga.
In second place Alemannia Aachen returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since Relegated that year were Dynamo Dresden , former East German power house, after a two-year stint in the league.
Landgraf had played a record 2. The —09 season saw the return of play-offs. The third placed team in the 2. Bundesliga now played the 16th placed team in the Bundesliga for a spot in that league.
At the other end of the table, the 16th placed 2. Bundesliga side would now also play the third placed team in the new 3.
Liga , which had replaced the Regionalliga as the third division. SC Freiburg and 1. FSV Mainz 05 were directly promoted that season while 1.
At the relegation end, VfL Osnabrück lost its 2. Bundesliga place to SC Paderborn from the 3. FC Kaiserslautern ended a four-year spell in the 2.
Bundesliga in with a league championship, with FC St. The FC Augsburg finished third but was unable to overcome 1.
FC Nürnberg in the play-offs and lost 3—0 on aggregate. Hansa Rostock, in 16th place, dropped out of the 2. Bundesliga when it lost both play-off games to Ingolstadt VfL Osnabrück found itself unsuccessfully defending its league place again, losing to Dynamo Dresden in extra time in the second leg.
After 15 consecutive seasons in the 2. Bundesliga a numerous attempts at promotion Greuther Fürth finally won the league in Eintracht Frankfurt came second and Fortuna Düsseldorf returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since when it defeated Hertha BSC in the play-offs.
Karlsruher SC failed to remain in the 2. Bundesliga when it was relegated on away goal rule after two drawn games against Jahn Regensburg.
Hertha BSC won the 2. Bundesliga for the second time in three seasons in —13 and was accompanied up by Eintracht Braunschweig, who had not played in the Bundesliga since FC Kaiserslautern lost both games to Hoffenheim and thereby failed to get promoted.
Dynamo Dresden became the first 2. Bundesliga side in five attempts to hold onto their league place while 3. Liga side VfL Osnabrück missed out in the play-offs for a third time in three attempts.
At the bottom end two eastern clubs were relegated, Dynamo Dresden and Energie Cottbus, while Arminia Bielefeld entered the relegation round.
The —15 season saw Ingolstadt 04 win the league and earn Bundesliga promotion for the first time while SV Darmstadt 98 finished second and returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since Both the Bundesliga and 2.
Bundesliga clubs retained their league membership. FC Nürnberg had to enter the promotion play-off where it lost on aggregate to Eintracht Frankfurt.
At the bottom end of the table SC Paderborn suffered consecutive relegations, becoming the sixth club to drop from the Bundesliga to the third tier in consecutive seasons.
Bundesliga had played there before but while Dynamo Dresden and Erzgebirge Aue had only experienced a short absence the third club, Würzburger Kickers , had not played at this level for almost 40 years.
In December , it was announced that for the first time, the 2. Bundesliga would be given its own logo, taking effect at the start of the —18 season. Bundesliga had borrowed the Bundesliga logo for promotional and media purposes.
Bundesliga gained its own logo to "strengthen the profile of the competition" and to better identify the league with fans, the media, and sponsors.
After their relegation, the —19 season will be Hamburger SV 's first season outside of the German top flight in their 55 year history.
The most consistent team in the league, as of —16, is Alemannia Aachen , having won 1, points from 1, games. In second place sits SpVgg Greuther Fürth, best placed of the current 2.
Fortuna Köln comes third in the all-time table, while last place, number , goes to Spandauer SV with just ten points to its name. Bundesliga experience had entered the league: Hamburger SV and 1.
Ordföranden i det tyska fotbollsförbundet DFB Felix Linneman var en drivande kraft bakom en "Reichsliga", det vill säga en rikstäckande liga. Men nazisternas maktövertagande tillintetgjorde planerna.
Franz Kremer, president i 1. Mindre klubbar befarade ekonomiska förluster när storlagen spelade i Bundesliga och inte längre kunde dra publik till de mindre klubbarnas matcher.
Man menade att tysk idealism var överlägsen västeuropeisk materialism. Dessutom bestämdes att enbart sexton lag skulle tillhöra ligan. Eftersom det fanns 46 klubbar som ansökte uppstod det en stor konkurrens om licenserna.
Följande lag kvalificerade sig för den första upplagan — Dock var inte mediernas intresse lika stort. Gerd Kentschke Karlsruher SC har berättat att det även efter var vanligt att spelare festade och drack alkohol under veckan.
Ekonomiskt var Bundesliga till en början en liga med starka regleringar. De första mästarna blev 1. Klubbens president Franz Kremer var en av de drivande krafterna i klubben som gjorde laget till ett topplag.
Hertha Berlin bestraffades med att flyttas ner till Regionalligan. Även träningsanläggningarna var otillräckliga.
Under dessa förutsättningarna var det omöjligt för Tasmania att klara kontraktet. The Bundesligen plural are professional leagues. Since , the 3.
Below the level of the 3. Liga, leagues are generally subdivided on a regional basis. Below this are thirteen parallel divisions, most of which are called Oberligen upper leagues which represent federal states or large urban and geographical areas.
The levels below the Oberligen differ between the local areas. The league structure has changed frequently and typically reflects the degree of participation in the sport in various parts of the country.
In the early s, changes were driven by the reunification of Germany and the subsequent integration of the national league of East Germany.
Every team in the two Bundesligen must have a licence to play in the league, or else they are relegated into the regional leagues.
To obtain a licence, teams must be financially healthy and meet certain standards of conduct as organisations.
Bundesliga is financially strong, and the 2. Bundesliga has begun to evolve in a similar direction, becoming more stable organizationally and financially, and reflecting an increasingly higher standard of professional play.
Hamburger SV was the only club to have played continuously in the Bundesliga since its foundation until 12 May , when the club was relegated for the first time.
In the —09 season, the Bundesliga reinstated an earlier German system of promotion and relegation, which had been in use from until From until , a different system had been used in which the bottom three finishers of the Bundesliga had been automatically relegated, to be replaced by the top three finishers in the 2.
From until two, or later three, teams had been relegated from the Bundesliga automatically, while promotion had been decided either completely or partially in promotion play-offs.
The season starts in early August  and lasts until late May, with a winter break of six weeks mid-December through to the end of January.
In recent years, games have been played on Saturdays five games beginning at 3: A new television deal in reintroduced a Friday game beginning at 8: Prior to the formation of the Bundesliga, German football was played at an amateur level in a large number of sub-regional leagues until, in , part-time semi- professionalism was introduced and only five regional Oberligen Premier Leagues remained.
Regional champions and runners-up played a series of playoff matches for the right to compete in a final game for the national championship.
Through the s, there were continued calls for the formation of a central professional league, especially as professional leagues in other countries began to draw Germany's best players away from the semi-professional domestic leagues.
At the international level the German game began to falter as German teams often fared poorly against professional teams from other countries. The league fielded 14 teams with two relegation spots.
The defeat of the national team by Yugoslavia 0—1 in a World Cup quarter-final game in Chile was one impetus of many towards the formation of a national league.
East Germany, behind the Iron Curtain, maintained its separate league structure. The first Bundesliga games were played on 24 August FC Köln was the first Bundesliga champion with Dynamo Dresden and F.
Hansa Rostock were seeded into the top-tier Bundesliga division, with other clubs being sorted into lower tiers. The German football champion is decided strictly by play in the Bundesliga.
Each club plays every other club once at home and once away. Originally, a victory was worth two points, with one point for a draw and none for a loss.
Since the —96 season, a victory has been worth three points, while a draw remains worth a single point, and zero points are given for a loss.
The club with the most points at the end of the season becomes German champion. Currently, the top three clubs in the table qualify automatically for the group phase of the UEFA Champions League , while the fourth-place team enters the Champions League at the third qualifying round see overview.
The two teams at the bottom of the table are relegated into the 2. Bundesliga, while the top two teams in the 2. The 16th-placed team third-last , and the third-placed team in the 2.
Bundesliga play a two-leg play-off match. The winner of this match plays the next season in the Bundesliga, and the loser in the 2.
If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement. However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga.
In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives. Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game.
That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit. The Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance out of Europe's five major leagues.
By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.
In the cases of Bayer Leverkusen and Wolfsburg, the clubs were founded by major corporations respectively Bayer AG and Volkswagen as sports clubs for their employees, while Hoffenheim has long received its primary support from SAP co-founder Dietmar Hopp , who played in the club's youth system.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a youth academy , with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team.
This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players.
In the first decade of the third millennium s , the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five teams have won the league title.
At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 percent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being VfL Wolfsburg , Bayer Leverkusen and current Regionalliga Nordost member FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams.
Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties. In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players.
Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45, fans per game during the —12 season was the second highest of any professional sports league worldwide, behind only the National Football League of the United States.Oder wie eine Ziege, die am Samstag von lauter Betrunkenen durch ein spanisches Dorf getrieben und am Ende angezündet wird. Auf absolutem Spitzenniveau wird das auf Dauer nicht immer gut gehen", sagte Sammer bei Eurosport und fügte hinzu: Bayer scheint für einen Sieg gegen starke Leipziger zu wenig konstant, holt aber ein Remis. Erstaunlich, wie schnell es im Verlauf der Saison von "Huch, wir müssen Albornoz aus dem Kader nehmen, weil wir zu viele Spieler haben, die den Einsatz verdient hätten" zu "Oh, ob wir die Ersatzbank wohl vollkriegen? So brachte der Verkauf der Fernsehrechte an der englischen Eliteklasse in insgesamt 81 Paketen für Länder und Territorien von bis umgerechnet saisonal Millionen Euro. Reschke über Rücktritt und Klinsmann. Neben dem Skandal wurden damals auch andere Gründe für den Besucherschwund intensiv diskutiert, unter anderem der mangelnde Komfort in den Stadien und die steigende Fernsehberichterstattung. Kicker-Sportmagazin, abgerufen am 8. Die einzige Mannschaft, die als amtierender Meister abstieg, war der 1. Erst durch die WM , für die viele Stadien um-, aus- oder neugebaut wurden, und vor allem durch deren Gewinn, stiegen das Ansehen und die Zuschauerzahlen wieder. Stimmung Tja, jetzt gab es doch den ersten Dämpfer. Zum Glück ertönt dann im Weserstadion kein Scooter. In Hamburg brennt der Baum. Ich rechne mit einem öden Spiel, wann waren diese zum "Classico" aufgebauschten Duelle denn rassig?